India will turn 68 on August 15, 2015. The country unshackled from slavery of British Empire on August 15, 1947. Since, it is a significant day that has sacrifices of many people who are known as freedom fighters today. It is these heroes who sacrificed their lives that India got freedom from despotic British rule.
BiWi lists here 5 of top freedom fighters who played a key role in Indian independence revolution:
The Bapu or father of the nation, Mahatama Gandhi led Indian nation to road of freedom with his profound political vision that was based on politics and non-violence. He collaborated with political figures of Indian subcontinent in fight against British rule. His “Dandi Salt March” and “Quit India Movement” was instrumental in setting course for freedom. His ideologies of “Satyagraha” got worldwide acknowledgement and inspired Martin Luther King, the leader of Civil Rights Movement, who idolized Gandhi as a political figure. Mahatama Gandhi succumbed to death on January 30, 1948 when he was assassinated by Nathu Ram Godse as he was about to make a public speech. His legacy is symbolized by non-violence and equality for everyone.
Bhagat Singh is a courageous revolutionary of Indian independence movement. He involved in political struggle against British Raj in his early teenage while he was still a student. Unlike Gandhi, he was a non-believer of “Satyagraha” or non-violence and rather he was inspired by ideologies of Karl Marx and concept of anarchical form of government. He got popularity for attack on British Assembly and taking revenge for killing of Lala Lajpat Rai. He was executed on March 23, 1931 by hanging till death. He left a legacy of courage and audacity and today he is revered as a hero of Indian independence movement.
Mangal Panday is a significant freedom activist who played a key role in freedom fight of India. His actions were instrumental in instigating the events preceding the more organized freedom struggle that started in 1857. It all started when he fought against the illegitimate use of cartridges used by the British soldiers which led his actions to Barrackpore Unrest. He was hanged to death April 8, 1857 by British Empire for his role in the rebellion. Today, he is remembered as a great martyr who sacrificed his life for his vision of independence of India.
Subhash Chandra Bose
Fondly known as Netaji, Subhash Chandra Bose is an iconic freedom-fighter. Bose openly advocated an armed struggle to get independence from British Raj. He became President of Indian National Congress and remained President of All India Forward Bloc before becoming Head of State of Provincial Government of Free India. He was a proponent of “Purna Swaraj” and founded “Azad Hind Fauj” to fulfill this cause.
Chandra Shekhar Azad
A mentor of Bhagat Singh, Chandra Shekhar Azad is one of the most revered freedom fighter of Indian Independence movement. He succeeded the position of head of Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) after the demise of its founding father Ram Prasad Bismil. He established the Jhansi camp where he trained the activists of freedom. Such was his conviction to the cause of independence that he preferred taking his own life rather than getting caught by the British forces.